Typewritter with paper that says send a mail

What is, and where is the Outlook Safe Senders List? Why You Need to Know

One topic that seems to get overlooked is MS Outlook’s “Safe Senders” list. Recently I was asked about whitelisting a perspective email address that was expected to be going to send important emails. I suggested using Outlook “Safe Senders”

What it is and How it Works

When you receive an email from someone and you right-click on the header you will get a list of selections…
Picture showing right clicking the header of an email message

When you select “Add Sender to Safe Senders List” the email address from the sender is placed in a special address list. All emails received are compared to that list and if found they will automatically go to your inbox. Think of it as your personal “Whitelist”.

But, what if you add someone and you didn’t mean to? Where is your “Safe Sender” List?

If you happen to mistakenly add someone to the list or wanted to check or update “your safe sender” list click on your junk settings. I’m using Office 365 desktop, other desktop versions of outlook are similar. Click on the “Junk Settings” button.
Picture of outlook toolbar

Here are the selections after you select the toolbar “Junk” button. Select “Junk E-mail Options…”

Outlook toolbar selections

A dialog box will pop up, select “Safe Senders” on the tab bar.

Dialog popup

From this dialog box, you can “Add”, “Edit” and “Remove” the addresses in your “Safe Sender” list. A few other selections are “Also trust email from my Contacts” and “Automatically add people I email to the Safe Senders List. You can also Import or Export to a file.


Our email has certainly proved to be the basic communication standard in modern times and features like “Safe Sender” in Outlook is an unsung hero in managing our email senders. If you would like to hire me for a project, or need IT support I have plans and features available for any size business. Happy computing!

fiber cables plugged into servers

Exporting Proxmox VM’s to VHD Simplified in 4 Steps

Disclaimer: I’m not fluent with the Linux operating system, I’ve always been a Windows user and this is to help others in the same boat. I realize this might not be as much of an issue for someone with more Linux experience.

Back Story

I’ve been upgrading my data center servers a little at a time since last month and was trying out Proxmox coming from VirtualBox on a Windows server. After a few upgrades, I decided to use Hyper-V. For the most part, because I’ve never had to work with Linux and I felt if something goes wrong I’m not going to be able to troubleshoot the problem quickly. So, I searched for ways to export the virtual computers from Proxmox, surprisingly I picked up pieces of information here and there but there really wasn’t a definitive guide, so here goes.

Step 1 – Create a Backup in Proxmox you can work with:
Proxmox backup screenshot

What I did was create a backup without any compression (so I wouldn’t have the extra step of decompressing the file first). The screenshot is just showing the first two VMs since I was testing my method. I’m creating the backups on a ‘Directory’ storage I created for that purpose that I called ‘Transfer’, the schedule doesn’t matter since I’m only doing this to export the images, once I do that I’ll remove the backup job.

Step 2 – Connect to the Proxmox server with an SSH tool

I used MobaXterm (Available Here) you could probably use any SSH program

Mobxterm screenshot

Step 3 – Get the RAW image from the VMA file

There are several backup images in this location, but the image we want has the .vma extension (highlighted in the picture above). The first thing we want to do is get the raw image out of the vma image. We will run this utility to get the RAW image:

vma extract vzdump-qemu-100-2022_05_15-11_36_43.vma -v ./vm100

This tells the vma image to extract to a new folder named vm100 and to verify the image extracted. When it finishes when we navigate to the new folder we’ll see:

folder list screenshot

Step 4 – Convert the RAW image to a virtual disk image

Now we have the RAW image that we need to convert to a new virtual hard drive image that we can work with on our Windows Server. For that we need to use the Qemi tools and convert the image:

qemu-img convert -f raw -O vpc disk-drive-ide0.raw dcsvr.vhd

This utility will convert the image from a RAW format to the VHD format. After it’s converted to the vhd format we can ‘drag and drop’ the file to our Windows computer. If your windows computer isn’t local, you would want to use a USB drive since the image may be large.

file list screenshot with the virtual disk circled

Final thoughts

There are a lot of features that I like with Proxmox and if I didn’t have some mission-critical applications and customer replication requirements from their Hyper-V servers I would seriously consider keeping Proxmox on the server for managing my virtual machines. Sure, there’s a learning curve with any new software, but I just can’t take an unnecessary risk of downtime.

Woman reading a newspaper while the paper is on fire

Does the Pesky News and Interest Bar have you going Crazy?

Every once in a while a new Windows 10 feature comes along that sounds like a good idea but really becomes another thing we need to push out of our face so we can get some work done. The “News and Interests” feed showed up after an update (Windows 10 since version 21286) and has been a part of our day-to-day desktop experience ever since.
Picture of News and Information button on Windows 10 taskbar

You might think as a developer I might embrace new features, that I wasn’t so resistant to change? Part of me likes change so long as I’m the one with the idea! 😄

Not really, but, I don’t like it when things constantly pop up at me (I have enough distractions remembering where I left my cup of coffee). This brings me to this post. While I was working on a Windows 10 machine it seemed as though every time I even came within a 1/4 inch of the “News and Interest” button on the taskbar it would pop up, then it takes a few seconds to pop down 😡. It became maddening and a real distraction.

We Have Options…

So, after about 5 times this kept happening I went ahead and changed the settings to abate my frustration. Here’s how I did it.

“Right-Click” on an empty area of the “Taskbar” with your mouse cursor (this will pop up the taskbar settings), then select “News and Interests” which will open another flyout window, then UNCHECK “Open on hover” (see screenshot)

Picture showing Windows 10 taskbar settings

Peace is again restored to the universe

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